Rare Coins

CollectHistoric Coins



More than 30 billion coins are estimated to be in circulation in the United Kingdom today. The Royal Mint has been creating coins since AD 886 and, as such, people across the country own coins that are no longer in use. Some of these coins could possibly be rare and might be very valuable.


Many people have collected coins throughout their lives or have been handed coins which have moved from generation to generation. The decimal system we use today has only been around since 1971 and many of the shapes and sizes of coins in daily use have changed in that time. In fact, the circulating bimetallic £2 coin is only just over 20 years old.

We spoke to Matt Curtis, The Royal Mint’s Historics and Collector Services Expert, about some of the rare coins that have been minted over the years. Here are some of Matt’s favourites:


1917 George V Sovereign

Circulating gold coinage was a casualty of the First World War. Before the war, it was seen as a huge luxury to have gold in your change but during the war it was seen as impractical due to funds being needed for the war effort. As a result, Sovereigns ceased to be issued for use in circulation and production at The Royal Mint in London ended in 1917. Many of the Sovereigns struck in that year were sent to the United States of America to pay off war debt.


1933 Penny

The 1933 penny is one of the most famous coins from the UK. The Royal Mint’s records refer to six being struck, three to go under the foundation stones of buildings and three to national collections. There are, however, good references in the Mint’s records to possibly suggest at least one more had been made.

As this was an ordinary circulating coin, it might have sneaked out into circulation and people would actively look through their change prior to decimalisation in the hope of finding one.


The Coinage of Edward VIII

Edward VIII abdicated after only a few short months on the throne. As a result, no coins bearing his effigy were ever struck for circulation but a handful of trial and pattern pieces of the new monarch’s coins were produced.

The Royal Mint set a new UK coin record by sourcing and selling an Edward VIII Sovereign for £1 million.


Queen Anne Vigo Five-Guinea Piece

The Vigo Five-Guinea coin was one of only a handful made from gold bullion captured by the British fleet at the Battle of Vigo Bay in northern Spain on 23 October 1702.

At an auction in New York, one of these coins sold for £703,000.


Una and the Lion

The gold five-pound piece of 1839, though not as spectacularly rare as the Edward VIII pattern coins, is arguably one of the most beautiful coins in the world. The coin features William Wyon’s famous Young Head portrait of Queen Victoria, whilst the reverse depicts the queen as Una guiding the British lion.

The total number struck is nevertheless no more than a few hundred. Yet, for a rare coin, it is surprising how many variations can be found among the surviving pieces. There are different metals, differing types of edge, and a variety of patterns of ornamentation on the queen’s hairbands.


1996 Football European Championships Gold Proof £2 Coin

This commemorative £2 coin features a football, the date and 16 small circles to signify the countries taking part in the European Championship football tournament in 1996. Just under 2,100 of these coins were minted.


2009 Kew Gardens 50p Coin

Released in 2009 to celebrate the 250th anniversary of London’s Kew Gardens, only 210,000 of these 50p pieces were ever issued into circulation, making it a rare coin to turn up in change. As the mintage numbers were so low, many collectors removed the coins from circulation when found. In 2019, a newer, commemorative edition of this coin was released as part of the 50 Years of the 50p British Culture Set.

Below shows the mintage figures for the calendar year of 2022, providing the only official guide to the rarest coins in circulation.

In 2022, over 29 million 50p coins were released into circulation, including three new 50 pence designs celebrating Pride, Queen Elizabeth II’s Platinum Jubilee and a Queen Elizabeth Memorial 50p commemorating her reign. A new monarch means a new obverse for our coins, and a new effigy of His Majesty King Charles III, designed by Martin Jennings, will feature on future 50 pence coins alongside a special coronation 50p featuring a crowned version of His Majesty’s effigy in honour of such an occasion.


Rarest 50p coin designs released into circulation in 2022:

UK Pride 50p Coin 5,000,000
Platinum Jubilee 50p Coin 5,000,000
Queen Elizabeth Memorial 50p Coin 5,000,000


Rarest 50p coin designs in circulation:

Mintage year

50 pence coins

Total mintage figures


Kew Gardens 



The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic games - Football



The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic games - Wrestling



The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic games - Judo



The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic games - Triathlon



Peter Rabbit



Flopsy Bunny



The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic games - Tennis



The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic games - Goalball



The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic games - Shooting



Do you have any of these rare coins? We’d love to see them. Why not share these with us on social media using the hashtag #TreasureForLife?

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