Celtic Gold Staters - Ancient British Coins
Between 200 BC and AD 60, different objects and coins were used as currency in Britain. Iron bars in a variety of shapes were the earliest type of money. Around 150 BC, the first significant importation of coins occurred, and local coinage production started around 100 BC. The Roman conquest of Britain, which began with the invasion of the Claudians in AD 43 and ended with the defeat of Boudica in AD 60, which put an end to coin manufacture in significant part although a small number of cast coins may have continued to be made for a few more years.
The pivotal conflict that put an end to the Boudican Rebellion was fought in Roman Britain in AD 60 or 61 between an alliance of British peoples under the leadership of Boudica and a Roman army under the command of Gaius Suetonius Paulinus. The Romans decisively destroyed the united tribes despite being vastly outnumbered, causing them to suffer severe losses. The conflict put an end to resistance to Roman control in the majority of southern Great Britain.
After gaining the Stater while serving as mercenaries in north Greece, Celtic tribes carried the concept throughout Western and Central Europe. Gold staters were minted and modelled after those brought back from Philip II of Macedonia's armies, as well as those of Alexander and his successors. Archaeologists discovered fifteen tombs at the Pezdireva Njiva site in 2018 and they discovered a bronze belt with a gold coin in one of the burials, which was indeed a Celtic copy of an Alexander the Great's stater.
|Pure Metal Type||Gold|