(70% copper, 5.5%
nickel, 24.5% zinc)
|Obverse Designers||Portrait of Her Majesty the Queen
1985 Arnold Machin
1990 Raphael Maklouf
|Reverse Designer||Leslie Durbin|
|Edge Inscription||PLEIDIOL WYF I'M GWLAD|
In 1985 the first new Royal portrait in nearly two decades was introduced on the coins of the United Kingdom. The reverse design of the 1985 £1 coin featured the national emblem of Wales – the leek - encircled by the Royal Diadem. It was the second in a series of four issued to represent the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom; Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England.
By 1980 it had become apparent that, with the general decline in purchasing power, the £1 unit of currency was more appropriate as a coin than a banknote. After consultations with many groups, including retailers and special interest groups, the Government announced on 31 July 1981 that a new £1 coin was to be issued on 21 April 1983. Since its launch the £1 has always represented the United Kingdom and its constituent parts; England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.