One Pound Coin Designs and Specifications | The Royal Mint

1985 & 1990 One Pound Coin

Leek and royal diadem representing Wales

Leek and royal diadem representing Wales

Issued 1985, 1990 
Diameter 22.5mm
Weight 9.5 g
Thickness 3.15mm
Composition Nickel-Brass
(70% copper, 5.5%
nickel, 24.5% zinc)
Obverse Designers Portrait of Her Majesty the Queen
1985 Arnold Machin
1990 Raphael Maklouf
Reverse Designer Leslie Durbin
Edge Milled

1985: 228,430,749
1990: 97,269,302*

About This Design

In 1985 the first new Royal portrait in nearly two decades was introduced on the coins of the United Kingdom. The reverse design of the 1985 £1 features the national emblem of Wales – the leek - encircled by the Royal Diadem. It was the second in a series of four issued to represent the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom; Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England.

History Of The £1

By 1980 it had become apparent that with the general decline in purchasing power, the £1 unit of currency was more appropriate to a coin than a banknote. After consultation with many groups including retailers and special interest groups, the Government announced on 31 July 1981 that a new £1 coin that was to be issued on 21 April 1983. Since its launch the £1 has always represented the United Kingdom and its constituent parts; England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.